What is High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is generally recorded with the help of 2 numbers. The systolic pressure (higher number) is the vigor at which your heart pumps blood around your body.
The diastolic pressure (lower number) is the resistance to the flow of blood in the blood vessels.
When both systolic and diastolic readings touch the readings of 140 and 90 (mmHg) respectively, it signals high blood pressure.
The readings between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean that you may develop high blood pressure if appropriate and prompt steps to control blood pressure are not taken.
Risks Associated with High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart, and other organs, such as the brain, eyes, and kidneys. Moreover, if high blood pressure is prolonged and left untreated, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening health conditions, such as:
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Peripheral Arterial Disease
- Aortic Aneurysms
For the diagnosis of high blood pressure, your telehealth doctor may ask you to record your blood pressure readings to identify and provide assistance about the state of your blood flow and inform you about the level of blood pressure you have.
Monitoring blood pressure at home is a convenient way to confirm if you have high blood pressure, to verify if your blood pressure treatment is working, or to detect worsening high blood pressure.
The effective and long-term treatment of high blood pressure lies in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You can normalize your blood pressure with the following lifestyle changes:
- Losing weight in case you are overweight
- Abandoning smoking
- Consuming healthy foods, including the DASH diet (eating more vegetables, fruits, and low fat dairy products, less saturated and total fat)
- Minimizing the amount of sodium in your diet, bringing it to less than 1,500 milligrams a day
- Doing aerobic exercise regularly
- Abandoning alcohol immediately
Read more: What Is The Importance of Weight Management